• How to Measure Airborne Microbial Contamination Using Passive Sampling or the Settling Plate Technique

    A Comprehensive Literature Review & a Helpful Infographic

  • How To Use DIY Mould Test Kits

    It's easy, just follow the steps

    Infographic flowchart showing how to use the DIY mould testing kits

    Of course, if you have any questions, just call or email for advice

  • Literature Review of the Method

    Learn about how other people have used this method


    • Ejechi, B.O. and Ochei, O.P. (2017). Bacteriological safety assessment, hygienic habits and cross-contamination risks in a Nigerian urban sample of household kitchen environment. Environ Monit Assess. 189: 298. 
    • Vijayakumar, R., Saleh Al-Aboody, M., Alturaiki, W., Alsagaby, S.A. and Sandle, T. (2017). A study of airborne fungal allergens in sandstorm dust in Al-Zulfi, central region of Saudi Arabia. Journal of Environmental and Occupational Science. 6(1): 27-33. 
    • Wang, Y-H., Wang, Y-C., Wu, P-H., Hsu, L., Wang, C-Y., Jan, C-R. and Su, H-H. (2017). A cross-sectional study into the correlation of common household risk factors and allergic rhinitis in Taiwan's tropical environment. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine. 10(2): 134-140. 
    • Molina-Veloso, A. and Borrego-Alonso, S.F. (2017). Viable allergenic fungi in a documentary deposit of the National Archive of Cuba. Revista Alergia Mexico. 64(1): 40-51.
    • Norbäck, D., Hisham Hashim, J.,  Cai, G-H., Hashim, Z., Ali, F., Bloom,E. and Larsson, L. (2016). Rhinitis, ocular, throat and dermal symptoms, headache and tiredness among students in schools from Johor Bahru, Malaysia: Associations with fungal DNA and mycotoxins in household dust. PLOS ONE. 1(11): 1-15
    • Luongo, J.C, Barberán, A, Hacker-Cary, R, Morgan, E.E., Miller, S.L. and Fierer, N. (2016). Microbial analyses of airborne dust collected from dormitory rooms predict the sex of occupants. Indoor Air. 28 March. Early View: 16th April 
    • Agodi, A. Auxilla, F., Barchitta, M., Cristina, M.L., D’Alessandro. D., Mura, I., Nobile, M., Pasquarella, C., Italian Study Group of Hospital Hygiene. (2015). Operating theatre ventilation systems and microbial air contamination in total joint replacement surgery: results of the GISIO-ISChIA study. J. Hospit Infect. 90(3): 213-219.
    • Fekadu, S. and Getachewu, B. (2015). Microbiological assessment of indoor air of teaching hospital wards: a case of Jimma University Specialised Hospital. Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences. 25(2): 117-122.

    • Setlhare, G., Malebo, N., Shale, K. and Lues, R. (2014). Identification of airborne microbiota in selected areas in a health-care setting in South Africa. BMC Microbiology. 14: 100.

    • Napoli, C., Marcotrigiano, V. and Montagna, M.T. (2012). Air sampling procedures to evaluate microbial contamination: a comparison between active and passive methods in operating theatres. BMC Public Health. 12: 594.

    • Napoli, C. (2012). Prevention of healthcare-associated infections: which sampling method should be used to evaluate air bio-contamination in operating rooms? Epidemiology. 2:2.
    • Burr, H.N., Wolf, F.R. and Lipman, N.S. (2012). Corynebacterium bovis: Epizootiologic features and environmental contamination in an enzootically infected rodent room. Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science. 51(2): 189-198.

    • Brandys, R. C. and Brandys, G.M. (2011). Worldwide exposure standards for mold and bacteria - with assessment guidelines for air, water, dust, ductwork, carpet, insulation and bulk materials. 9th ed. Occupational and Environmental Health Consulting Services Inc, OEHCS


    • Bowling, F.L., Stickings, D.S., Edwards-Jones, V., Armstrong, D.G. and Boulton, A.J.M. (2009). Hydrodebridement of wounds: effectiveness in reducing would bacterial contamination and potential for air bacterial contamination. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research. 2: 13.

    • Khojasteh, V.J., Edwards-Jones, V., Childs, C. and Foster, H.A. (2007). Prevalence of toxin producing strains of Staphylococcus aureus in a pediatric burns unit. Burns. 33(3): 334-340. 

    • Andon, B.M. (2006). Active air vs. passive air (settle plate) monitoring in routine environmental monitoring programs. PDA J Pharm Sci Technol. 60(6): 350-355. 

    • Sandle, T. (2006). Environmental monitoring risk assessment. Journal of GXP Compliance. 10(2): 54-73.


    • ISO 14698-1:2003. Cleanrooms and associated controlled environments - biocontamination control - part 1: general principles and methods. [Note that this Standard remains current in 2015] and specifies the use of a "Suitable container (e.g. Petri dish) of appropriate size, containing an appropriate, sterile, culture medium which is left open for a defined period to collect viable particles depositing from the air. ISO 14698-1".
    • Pasquarella, C., Masia, M.D., Nnanga, N., Sansebastiano, G.E., Savino, A., Signorelli, C., Veronesi, L. (2004). Microbial air monitoring in operating theatre: active and passive samplings. Ann Ig. 16(1-2): 375-386. 

    • Pasquarella, C., Pitzurra, O. and Savino, A. (2000). The index of microbial air contamination. Journal of Hospital Infection. 46: 241-256. 

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Our Service Terms & Conditions (T&C) are as follows for mould.net.au and these share all of the key T&C’s as used by our parent Company, Biological Health Services (BHS).  A summary of the key T&C’s used by mould.net.au include all of the following but are not limited to:

1. mould.net.au has a policy and procedure for promoting scientific integrity. Scientific integrity refers to maintaining the quality and objectivity of the inspection and analytical tasks involved with indoor air quality and associated microbiological or other investigations. It is important that such results are written up so they are ethical, sound and worthy of the public’s confidence. All reports are therefore premised on a commitment to sound, objective science where findings are objective, credible, unbiased and transparent. Requests to fabricate, falsify or omit information or alter reports or data will not be tolerated and will be immediate grounds for contract termination on the grounds of client misconduct. We will also not abridge findings, conclusions or recommendations into "short summaries" for clients and the formatting of reports is designed to faithfully detail all quantitative data and results and show how they were interpreted.

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4. Copyright to written reports remains with the author. Full payment to written material and reports is required before release to client for practical use.

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6. Reports are generally delivered approx. 3-4 business weeks after inspection and data/sample collection or sample delivery to our office and the time-frame for report delivery depends on volume of current work and other factors such as the urgency of results and their implications. Your patience is appreciated.

7. In the event that any written report we have already supplied to the client requires formatting modifications for other audiences, then such modifications and additions are charged at an hourly rate (example: Expert Evidence submissions).

8. All samples (swabs, direct samples, air-o-cell, tape-lifts, or any other matter for analysis) is only accepted on delivery at our Head Office (Level 1, 459 Toorak Rd, Toorak, VIC, 3142) address within normal business hours (8:30am-5:30pm Mon-Fri). No samples will be accepted at our lab address, which is a secure P1/2 facility for staff only. A chain of custody form must be completed for all samples accepted at our Head Office. Chain of custody forms will, be supplied electronically on request. All samples must be lawfully obtained.

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